A. An insurance or pre-purchase survey takes a full day, and the vessel must be out of the water for the inspection. The following 38 sections are inspected in a pre-purchase survey, and the sections with an asterisk are not included in an insurance survey.
Hull, Deck and Structure.
1. Details of Subject Vessel.
3. Hull below Waterline.
4. Topsides above Waterline.
5. Deck moulding.
8. Hull and Deck joint.
9. Bulkheads and structural stiffening, including internal mouldings.
Steering, Stern Gear and Skin Fittings etc.
10. Rudder and Steering.
11. Stern Gear.
12. Cathodic Protection.
13. Skin Fittings and other through Hull Apertures.
14. Main Companionway and other Accesses to Accommodation.
15. Ports, Windows, and Ventilation.
16. Pulpit, Stanchions, Pushpit, Lifelines and Jackstays.
17. Rigging Attachment Points.
18. Ground Tackle and Mooring Arrangements.
19. Other Deck Gear and Fittings.
20. Davits and Boarding Ladders.
22. Standing Rigging.
23. Running Rigging.
24. * Sails and Covers etc.
25. Navigation Lights.
26. Bilge Pumping Arrangements.
27. Firefighting Equipment.
28. Lifesaving and Emergency Equipment.
29. Engine and Installation.
30. Fuel System.
Accommodation and onboard systems.
31. Accommodation General.
32. Gas Installation.
33. * Fresh Water System.
34. * Heads.
35. Electrical Installation.
36. * Electronic and Navigation Equipment.
37. * Heating and refrigeration.
Q. How do I arrange a survey?
A. You will first make an offer for the vessel you want to buy; if the offer is accepted, you must pay a deposit to the broker. You can then find a surveyor who will give you a price for the vessel’s size, age, and material and let you know their availability.
Q. What is a sea trial, and how do I arrange a sea trial?
A. A sea trial is a good way to try the vessel out on the water and test some of the equipment onboard a vessel that can not be tested with the vessel out of the water. The broker arranges the sea trial on a separate day from the out-of-the-water survey.
A breif description of the type of equipment that can be tested further on a sea trial.
A general visual inspection of the engine and installation will be made on an out-of-the-water-survey without running the engine. However, it should be appreciated that some components may appear serviceable but be found defective when the engine is run during sea trials.
If the sails are in bags, spreading them out in the boatyard will not be possible. Inspecting sails can be done when sailing so that the sails can be hoisted up and their shape and condition can be seen properly. You must inform the broker that you want to see the sails rigged.
Other equipment, like the toilets, can be flushed, the autopilot, speed and depth, can be tested, and if a generator is onboard, this can be run etc.